Post fracture treatment
Fractures (broken bones) are usually because of falls, motor vehicle or work-related accidents or sometimes sports activities. Fractures can be simple or complicated. Most simple fractures heal in 6-12 weeks and a cast may or may not be required to set the fracture and keep it in place so the healing occurs. In more complex fractures an operation may be needed. When a fracture happens, it is not the bone that been injured, surrounding tissues such as muscles, ligaments, and tendons are also involved. Besides, the immobility period required to heal the fracture, the inability to put weight on the fractured area causes joint stiffness and limited range of motion as well as muscle weakness. Physiotherapy and full rehabilitation program are essential to help the patient to return to their maximal functional abilities and normal life.
An open fracture is a surgical emergency. You will be started on antibiotics as soon as possible in the emergency room. Your doctor will then clean the wound and remove as much contamination as possible from the skin, soft tissues, and bone. This procedure is called debridement and irrigation, and is typically performed in an operating room. Depending on the severity of your injury, you may require several debridement and irrigation procedures.
If you have an infection after surgery, your doctor may initially treat it with antibiotics alone, but you will likely need additional surgery to clean out the infection. During surgery, your doctor will either swab or take samples of the infected tissue to find out what type of bacteria is causing the infection. This stage of treatment may require more than one surgery. Special drains may be placed in the wound to help rid it of pus. Antibiotic delivery systems, like “antibiotic beads,” may also be used to provide higher concentrations of antibiotics.